Entering Ca' Bolani is like driving through a vast and magnificent park of vines made up of a fascinating mosaic of some 10 grape varieties – both indigenous and international – such as Refosco dal Peduncolo Rosso, Glera, Friulano, Chardonnay, Pinot Grigio and Müller Thurgau.
The estate’s about 550 hectares of vineyards are constantly being replanted, using new vine training systems. 50% of the vines now have a plant density of 5000 vines per hectare and are trained according to the Cordon Spur or unilateral and bilateral Guyot systems. Such techniques encourage the physiological balance of the vines, so as to always obtain very ripe, healthy grapes of excellent quality.
Among all the white varieties such as Sauvignon, Pinot Grigio and Traminer, and other red ones like Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot and Refosco dal Peduncolo Rosso, this last indigenous Friulian variety merits a special mention. At Ca' Bolani it has found an ideal habitat in which to express all of its extraordinary potential to the full, displaying outstanding structure, concentration and exquisitely elegant, rounded fruit. It is therefore no surprise that around 40 hectares at the estate are devoted to this autochthonous variety that is the pride of Friuli’s winemakers. Another 200 hectares are reserved for Glera vines and 85 and 40 hectares respectively for Pinot Grigio and Sauvignon.
Generally speaking, harvesting begins in mid-August and finishes in mid-October: a fairly long period, given that the various grape varieties grown here achieve perfect ripeness at different times.
The personality of the wines of Ca' Bolani derives from its particular microclimate and its medium-textured clayey soil, characterized by draining pebbly strips of land, crossed by crystal clear waters of the spring, which, thanks to the wealth of minerals, make the soil fertile for the entire seasonal cycle.
This type of soil creates attractive mineral notes in the wines, whilst their fragrance and finesse are determined by the considerable differences between day- and night-time temperatures, due to the strong sunlight during the day and the cool sea breezes that blow from the nearby Adriatic Sea in the evening. These, in combination with the winds vivid that characterize the area, create a situation favorable to the vine and avoids the stagnation of humidity and maintains the healthier plant.